Annotated bibliographies can be defined as short, crisp summaries of extensive research papers. Writing annotated bibliographies constitute an important step in research writing. Having annotations of your sources available, you can easily skim through the main points of your target source without needing to read it all over again. Annotations are often assigned by professors or teachers at a lower academic level to develop critical reading and writing skills among their students.

Writing annotations is easy, especially if you are familiar with the format. However, at times when you are running on short deadlines, making annotations for your sources can become a time-consuming task. To ease this trouble, there are many online essay writing services available. These platforms have experienced professionals ready who can write your desired annotations under short notice.

If you want to learn annotation writing yourself, there is nothing to worry about. Writing annotations is fairly simple and easy. All you need to do is familiarize yourself with the standard format and you are good to go. However, for effective annotation writing, having critical reading skills is a plus point. Critically reading allows you to easily skim through your target text, identify its main points, and easily arrange them in a form of coherent annotation.



In the following section, we have introduced you to a handy guide you help you start with your annotation writing. By the end of this section, you will also find a sample annotation attached to further help you with writing.


Follow these guidelines to finish your annotated bibliography in a timely manner. Then, if you are overworked and don't have time to do your work on time, you can turn to essay writing service websites for assistance with your projects the charges will depend on how much is an essay.

The key elements which you must include in your annotation are:

  1. Complete Bibliographical Reference (this is usually placed at top of your annotation)
  2. Name of the Author and Source Title
  3. The thesis of Your Source (this includes the main idea explored by the author followed by the significance of the study)
  4. Methodology or framework employed
  5. Findings/Results ( a brief analysis of what was concluded from the study)
  6. Critical Remark (Evaluating the validity of source)
  7. Relevancy to your research (how the source will help you write your research)

Make sure you have all these seven points highlighted in your source and mentioned in your annotation. Also, make sure to format your annotation according to your target citation style. Here below you will find an annotated bibliography example. This specific annotation is formatted in APA referencing style.


Annotations are usually precise with a restricted word limit. Therefore, you need to carefully arrange the target information in a precise manner. For example, when I WriteMyEssay annotations, I divide the annotation's content with the word limit and deal with each element precisely. Usually, one annotation per annotated bibliography can fall between the word limit of 140-200 words. For lengthy papers like dissertations, annotations can be a bit lengthy. 


Sean F. Reardon and Kendra Bischoff analyzed the consequences of income inequality across different social classes, races, and ethnicities. The writer hypothesized a strong relationship between income inequality and income segregation, an impact that is readily visible among colored families compared to Whites. Analyzing the data from the 100 largest metropolitan areas in the United States, the results showed that income segregation in the metropolitan areas under study showed a marked increase from the year 1970 to 2000 with varying magnitude. The sharpest increase in the growth of income segregation was observed in the 1980s. The results showed that only the top 10% of the residents receive 45% of the total country's income resulting in social stratification, and minimizing the contact across various social classes. The study offers a concrete overview of income distribution over the past three decades which adds to the validity of the source. The incorporation of this study helped me evaluate the social, political, and economic implications of the unequal distribution of resources across various social classes.

We hope you are now deeply familiar with annotation writing. Read the above-mentioned information at least twice or thrice and let it sink. Once you have all the elements at your fingertips, start practicing your annotations. If you are still confused you can also consult an expert essay writer online.



More often than not students find themselves in a pinch because of some assignment or work they have to do. Because there is always something out there that they are not good at or have no idea how to do. One such instance is when it comes to writing an annotated bibliography.

This is something that students truly struggle with. Especially when you add in the requirement of using a specific formatting style that they are unfamiliar with. And if you are one of the students who have to write their annotation using the Harvard format. Then you most definitely have come to the right place for guidance.   

Getting to Know the Task

Writing your bibliography takes quite a bit of work. In a way, it is similar to how you sit down to write my essay. Both of which require that you do a lot of research relating to your topic. Some students find topic choosing to be a tough stage and seek an essay writing service and ask them to help i need to write an essay.

The main goal behind writing annotations is to give a summary of previously done research on your chosen topic. You then mention everything about each research work depending on which type of annotation you are writing. With such writing work being either separate or part of larger research projects.

Different Types to Expect

Your bibliography can be of different types based on why you are writing it. And much like the paper writing service, each type of bibliography has its own set of requirements that you need to fulfill. So, to help you do just that, discussed below are the different types that you will be dealing with.

Summary or Descriptive

This one leaves you free from any kind of headaches or sleepless nights. Because all you have to do is give a summary of the different facts, major points, and deductions in the research. But it is important that all mentioned information be relevant to your research topic.

Critical or Evaluative

This type of bibliography does indeed turn some heads; considering how it’s a little bit more complicated. So, it wouldn’t hurt to check out an Annotated Bibliography Example before you actually start writing your own. The main complexity arises in how you have to critically analyze the work as well.

In this type, you have to mention the strengths and weaknesses of all aspects of the research. Such as the major points, facts, and developed conclusions.


As the name suggests this type of bibliography requires that you give an overview of the contents and add comments that evaluate it as well.

Let the Formatting Begin

Down below is a detailed list of things you need to do to make sure that your work is in proper Harvard format.

  • Set 1-inch margins on the left, right, bottom, and topsides.
  • Type in either the Times New Roman font or the Arial font.
  • Set your font size as 12 points.
  • Double-space the entire paper.
  • Align your text to the left of the page.
  • Give a half-inch indent to the starting line of every new paragraph in the paper.
  • Give a title of your work on the first page; placing it in the center and directly above the text. While also making sure that each main word is capitalized.
  • Have headers and page numbers in the corner at the top right of your paper. With the header has your last name positioned just before the page number.
  • Give a proper Harvard format bibliographic citation first and then follow with its subsequent annotation.
  • It would be best to organize your annotations in alphabetical order, by means of the letters in the last names of the authors you cited.


And there you have it! You now know how to format your annotations using the Harvard style and also have some insight relating to writing the annotations themselves. But if your thirst for knowledge still remains unquenched, feel free to look up some more help online and always take help from those online writers who have written high quality papers.


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